Choosing the right medium is extremely important. When you choose to grow with hydroponic methods, you still have to root your plants in something. Many growers use materials like rock wool, but you can also use sand or gravel. Expanded clay balls or volcanic rock are also popular growing media that retain and transmit water well, and in addition, the balls are very easy to clean, although they can be somewhat difficult to find. You can grow tents from Herbal House there.
- The most important thing to use an alternative medium is to make sure it is completely disinfected. Lava rocks, another common culture medium, should be soaked for five days. And they must be completely cleaned between crops.
- The tank used is also an essential component for the success of a hydroculture. When you choose it, you should take into account the following aspects: it must have a lid and be close to a water source. You may need an additional deposit. Try to get at least one of them closer. In this way, you can pre-filter the water, remove the chlorine and neutralize the pH before feeding your plants.
The tank should also be well insulated. Making sure you can control the temperature. By raising the tank with some bricks, you will also allow air to circulate around it. Some growers insulate their tanks with extruded polystyrene or foam rubber.
Tomato cultivation using coconut fiber as substrate
At the time of receiving your basic or complete introductory package to hydroponics, both have the necessary elements so that you can cultivate by hydroponics as soon as possible, you only need to select a substrate according to your needs. The Basic Introduction to Hydroponics Package is focused on those who are looking to start cultivating by hydroponics for self-consumption reasons and require minimal space for their installation.
Basic Package of Introduction to Hydroponics
The hydroponic cultivation technique that we are going to use to cultivate with our introductory packages to hydroponics is the one called “growing on the substrate”, which is the easiest to perform within all hydroponic techniques and also the one that requires the least investment.
Under this hydroponic technique, we can grow any variety of plants such as flowers, aromatics, fruit vegetables such as watermelon, tomato, cucumber, melon, etc. It is also the only hydroponic technique with which we are going to be able to grow underground plants such as carrots, radishes, potatoes, garlic, etc.
Select and prepare the substrate
The first step in using the basic hydroponics introductory package is to purchase a substrate that is available where you live, which is inexpensive and has all the features to be useful in hydroponics. Since we have the selected substrate, it must be washed and disinfected to avoid possible infections in your crop. Remember that there are substrates such as rock wool that is inert so it is not necessary to do this procedure, in the first cultivation.
Wick system: it is a very basic system that is ideal for small crops. No additional tools, timers or pumps are needed. Just connect the plants to the tank with a wick soaked in fertilizer and going from the bottom of the pot to the tank. Hair action takes care of the rest.